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Ruthibel Livingston is another Panamanian of West Indian descent who grew up in the Canal Zone, and whose extensive memories about the racism there leads to great insights about the ways in which American influence of the societies we have come in contact with affect not only the larger issues of international relations and foreign policy, but the everyday lives of the people who live with the effects of contact. Additionally, the story of Livingston’s appointment as a preacher in the revival church, as well as her large extended family of children and grandchildren living throughout Central America is are rich sources for community education about perceived gender roles and the ethnic homogeneity of Latin America. Female preachers and Latina youth who eagerly identify with their African ancestry are aspects of Livingston’s life that interrogate some of our most basic assumptions about Latin American society. Indeed, her story is proof of how little we know about the world just south of our national border.