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Ricardo Vaz was born in 1954. He traveled all over Panama due to his father’s work as a plantation worker for an American firm. His grandfather was a biochemist who came to Panama from Jamaica. As a child he went to a West-Indian school where he learned English, music, piano, and how to read and write. He has travelled to the United States two times. For Ricardo blackness is more than just the color of one’s skin. He criticizes the phenomenon of “passing” as a way of advancing in society. According to him, this phenomena exists because there has not yet been established a positive history of blacks and their achievements.